Top Spanish Words to Know in 2022

As the world becomes more integrated and international, being able to speak more than one language seems to offer invaluable benefits in both the personal and professional sense. Although learning any new and foreign language can seem daunting, taking a slow, steady and methodical approach can reap huge rewards.

The following article will help beginner and intermediate Spanish learners to better navigate the language with ease. From the basics such as pronouns, adjectives and verbs to everyday conversational phrases and sentences as well as examples of how to use them, this guide will help all learners gain a well-rounded understanding of the Spanish language. Check out Amazing Talker’s  Spanish Tutors and English Tutors.

Basic Spanish Words

  • Hola = Hello
  • Adiós = Goodbye
  • Por favour = Please
  • Gracias = Thank you
  • Lo siento = Sorry
  • Sí = Yes
  • No = No
  • ¿Quién? = Who?
  • ¿Qué? = What?
  • ¿Por qué? = Why?

50 Other Basic Spanish Words

Spanish Personal Pronouns

yo – I

si yo fuese usted (If I were you) ¡Sí, yo estoy despierto! (Yes, I am awake!)

– you (singular informal)

Tu madre te cuenta muchos cuentos (Your mom tells you too many stories)

cuando es tu cita de peluquería (When is your hair appointment)

Ustedes you (singular formal)

todos ustedes van a la playa (You all go to the beach)

todos ustedes bailan juntos (You all dance together

él, – he

(He is going swimming)

Él se está moviendo (He is moving)

el va a nadar (he is going swimming)

ella -she

ella se irá pronto – She will be leaving soon

a ella le encanta viajar- She loves to travel

nosotros (masculine), – we (used in relation to a group of men)

Nosotros nos iremos pronto – We will leave soon

Nosotras nos iremos pronto – Nosotras nos iremos pronto

vosotros you (plural informal) (gender neutral pronoun used when addressing the second person in a group of 2 people or more.)

Vosotros alegran mis días – You make my days happy

Vosotros lo hicieron mejor que el otro grupo -You did better than the other group

vosotras you (plural informal) (pronoun used when addressing the second person in a group of 2 people or more, generally used for female groups only)

ellos (masculine), ellas (feminine) – they

Ellas fueron a bailar juntas – they went dancing together Ellos fueron a bailar juntos

ustedes – you (plural formal)

ustedes mujeres son hermosas -You women are beautiful

Ustedes van al cine– You all go to the cinema

Spanish Nouns

Water – agua

el agua es refrescante -The water is refreshing


estoy deseando pan – I’m craving bread

Woman– mujer

La mujer es hermosa -The woman is beautiful

Man – hombre

ese hombre te está llamando – That man is calling you

Doctor– médico (masculine) / médica(feminine)

Tengo una cita con el doctor – I have an appointment with the doctor

Bed – cama

quiero una cama para dormir – I want a bed to sleep in

Bathroom– baño eg: Which way is the bathroom?- ¿De qué manera está el baño?

¿De qué manera está el baño? – Which way is the bathroom?

Teacher– maestra (feminine)/ maestro (masculine)

Necesito ver a mi maestra – I need to see my teacher

Coffee- café

me encanta el café en un dia frio – I love coffee on a cold day


este té fue elaborado a la perfección – This tea was brewed just right

Spanish Verbs

Estar – To be

Tengo que estar ahí – I have to be there

Ser – To be

Eso tiene que ser correcta – That has to be right

Tener – To have

ella tiene que tener eso– She has to have that

Haber – To have (auxiliary verb)

ya se habrá ido – he will have left already

Hacer – To do or make

no hay nada que hacer – there is nothing to do

Ir – To go

tenemos que ir a la tienda– We need to go to the shop

Venir – To come

tienes que venir – You have to come over

Decir – To say or tell

vas a decir si te gusto o no – Are you going to say if you enjoyed it or not?

Poder – To be able

me gustaria poder surfear – I’d like to be able to surf

Dar – To give

La idea es dar amor- The idea is to give love

Spanish Adjectives

Bonita – beautiful/ Pretty

la pintura es muy bonita – The painting is very pretty

Deliciosa – Delicious

Esa fue la comida más deliciosa que he tenido – That was the most delicious meal I’ve ever had

Feliz – Happy

te deseo una vida feliz – I wish you a happy life

Triste – Sad

esta musica me pone triste – This music makes me sad

Pequeño – Small

Este juguete es tan pequeño – This toy is so small

Bueno – Good

este artículo es bueno – This article is good

Malo – Bad

el clima es malo hoy – The weather is bad today

Viejo – Old

esa fruta es vieja – That fruit is old

Nuevo – New

esos zapatos son nuevos – Those shoes are new

Divertido – Fun

esa fue una película divertida – That was a fun film

Spanish Conjunctions

Y –and

Me gustaria la naranja y el rosa -I’d like the orange and pink

e –and

me gustaría hablar inglés e italiano – I’d like to speak English and Italian

ni…ni -neither…nor

no era ni aqui ni alla – It was neither here nor there

o –or

quieres rosa o naranja -Do you want pink or orange

u– or

no recuerdo si fue ayer u hoy – I don’t remember if it was yesterday or today

o bien… o bien – either or

Iré o bien esta noche o bien mañana – I’ll either go tonight or tomorrow

pero – but

es delicioso pero picante – It’s delicious but spicy

Porque – because

El clima es perfecto porque hace calor – The weather is perfect because it’s hot

sin embargo – however

Eres genial, sin embargo, llegas tarde – You are great, however, you are late

aunque – although, even though

me gusta ese vestido aunque es corto – I like that dress, although it is short

Basic Spanish Phrases

  • Buenos días – Good morning
  • Buenas Tardes –Good Afternoon
  • Me llamo – My name is
  • Pleased to meet you – Encantada de conocerte
  • How are you- Cómo estás
  • Estoy bien, gracias – I’m well thank you
  • Lo Siento – I’m sorry
  • Mucho gusto – Nice to meet you
  • Yo no comprendo -I do not understand
  • Where is the bathroom? – ¿dónde está el baño?

Basic Spanish Expressions

Basic Spanish Questions

  • ¿Cómo te llamas? – What ‘s your name?

This could be used when first introducing yourself to someone new.

  • ¿Hablas español? – Do you speak Spanish?

This could be used when meeting someone for the first time.

  • donde encuentro eso – Where do I find that?

This could be used in unfamiliar settings.

  • ¿De dónde eres? – Where are you from?

This could be used when Meeting people.

  • ¿Qué te gusta hacer? – What do you like to do?

This could be used when getting to know someone.

  • ¿Tienes hermanos o hermanas? – Do you have any brothers or sisters?

This could be used when getting to know someone.

  • ¿Cuál es tu película favourite? – What’s your favourite film?

This is perfect for use when meeting new people.

  • me ayudas por favour – Will you help me please?

This could be used when navigating new spaces or needing help/ a favour.

  • qué es eso – What is that?

Use this when trying to understand a new subject matter.

  • ¿Puedo preguntarte algo? – May I ask you something?

A great phrase to be used when you’re about to pose a question.

Basic Spanish Greetings

  • Buenos días – Good morning
  • Buenas tardes – Good afternoon
  • Hola – Hello
  • ¿Cómo estás? – How are you? (informal)
  • Buenas noches — Good evening
  • ¿Cómo están? — How are you? (Plural)
  • ¿Qué tal?– How’s it going?
  • ¿Qué pasa?– what ‘s happening?
  • Bienvenidos — Welcome
  • Que gusto de verlo – What a pleasure to see you

Thank You In Spanish

  • Gracias – thank you
  • Muchas gracias – thanks a lot/ thank you very much
  • Gracias por tu ayuda– thank you for your help.
  • Muchas gracias por tu ayuda– many thanks for your help.
  • Mil gracias– a thousand thanks
  • Gracias por todo– thanks for everything.
  • Se agradece!- It is appreciated
  • Aprecio la ayuda que me ofreces– I appreciate the help you offer me
  • Te doy las gracias– I give you my thanks
  • Gracias de antemano– thanks in advance.

Sorry In Spanish

  • Lo Siento (informal) – sorry
  • Perdón– Sorry/ excuse me/ Pardon
  • Disculpe (formal)- excuse me
  • Lo siento mucho– I am very sorry
  • Lo lament – I’m sorry
  • No sabe cuánto lo siento – you don’t know how sorry I am
  • Mil disculpas– a thousand apologies
  • Me disculpo por… – I apologise for…
  • Espero me perdones por… – I hope you can forgive me for…
  • Siento lo ocurrido – I regret what happened


Hopefully, this article will have given you the inspiration to undertake learning the Spanish language if you were not already doing so. It is important to remember that when learning any new skill that practice is just as important as giving yourself ample time to learn and grow. Understand that training your brain to think in a completely different way, to recognize completely new sounds and patterns of thinking will be a journey, but hopefully an exciting, informative and fun one. Work hard but remember to have fun and soon it’ll be as natural as speaking your native language.


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